Three subsectors of industry in Connecticut — manufacturing, educational and business services — each saw declines in jobs in May, according to recently released figures from the Department of Labor. Six others gained jobs in the month, while one — financial activities — remained the same.
We decided to seek out a longer perspective. We looked at data going back to 1990 to see how different industry workforces have grown or shrunk.
As a whole, the Department of Labor counted almost 50,000 more jobs in May of 2015 than the 1,640,000 jobs in January of 1990. Though jobs in some industries have declined during the past 15 years, other industries have gained enough to offset the loss.
Let’s take a look at each sector as categorized by the state:
The percent of construction workers in the workforce has wavered between 3 and 4 percent since 1999. But raw numbers show a more pronounced rise and fall in construction worker numbers as economic conditions change. At the moment, the level of workers engaged in the construction of buildings or engineering projects has grown steadily since a low in 2010.
Manufacturing has seen the most significant job loss over the years. In 1990, those jobs made up almost 19 percent of the workforce. Today, it’s down to 9 percent. In terms of raw numbers, almost 150,000 jobs were eliminated in 15 years.
Transportation and public utilities have seen slow but steady growth since 2010, but as a percent of the total workforce, have pretty much stayed in the 18 percent range since the ’90s.
The information sector is the smallest of all subsectors the Department of Labor categorizes. In Connecticut, the number of workers and percent of workforce as a whole has been shrinking since 2000.
The financial sector is made up of finance, real estate and insurance. It’s been slowly declining since 2008.
Meanwhile, the professional and business supersector has added nearly 45,000 jobs since 1990. Types of jobs in this sector include scientific, technical, management, administrative and legal.
Educational and health services saw a loss of 100 jobs between April and May of this year. But since 1990, about 140,000 jobs have been added. It’s the most significant growth industry in the state. As a whole, this sector makes up almost 20 percent of all jobs in Connecticut today — up from 12 percent in 1990.
The arts, entertainment and recreation sector has seen steady job growth.
According to the Department of Labor, Other Services include services not specifically provided for elsewhere in the North American Industry Classification System. Establishments in this sector are primarily engaged in activities, such as equipment and machinery repairing, promoting or administering religious activities, grantmaking, advocacy, and providing drycleaning and laundry services, personal care services, death care services, pet care services, photofinishing services, temporary parking services, and dating services.
Government jobs grew from 1990 until about 2008, then slowly declined until 2014. Since then, there’s been very slight growth.