If you live on the state border, there’s a pretty decent chance you don’t work in Connecticut.
On the northern border, below Massachusetts, far fewer people work out of state. There is a slight bump in Suffield, Enfield and Somers — probably because Springfield is on the other side of the border. Otherwise, it borders mostly rural towns in Massachusetts.
On the eastern border next to Rhode Island, about 20 percent of residents work out-of-state, according to data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2013 American Community Survey. Thompson — a manufacturing town bordering both Rhode Island and Massachusetts — is an outlier, with about half the residents leaving Connecticut for work.
“Because we are in such close proximity to cities — not too far from Worcester and about 34 miles from Providence — it’s not a hefty commute for workers,” said Mary Ann Chinatti, the city’s director of planning and development. “And unfortunately, we don’t have the jobs here in town to keep people in town. … We’re working to change that.”
But the southwest corner of the state is where it gets interesting. About a third of residents in Greenwich, New Canaan, Darien and Sherman work out of state, probably in New York. The next grouping of towns — Ridgefield, Wilton, Weston, Westport and New Fairfield — sends about 25 percent of its residents out of state for work. Even in Stamford and Norwalk, two of the state’s largest cities, about one in seven residents leaves the state for work.
Men leave the state more often
In almost every Connecticut town, men are more likely to leave the state for work.
This is especially true in Fairfield County, where men who leave the state greatly outnumber women. We can also see this trend on the state’s eastern border.
The two outliers are Somers and North Stonington, where women are more likely than men to work out of state.
Flooding into Hartford County
We also looked at who leaves their county for work.
Virtually every town near, but not in, Hartford County has high rates of residents who leave their county during work hours, probably coming into the Hartford region for work. This can also be seen around New Haven County, but not as starkly as we see it around Hartford.
(Note: This dataset doesn’t look at people who don’t work in the state.)
Men leave their county more often
In most Connecticut towns, men are more likely to leave their county for work than women. (We’re discounting people who work out-of-state here, as well.) A moderately greater percentage of men in New Haven County leave their county for work than women.
But in Fairfield County, once we discount people who work out-of-state, a fairly even percentage of men and women leave the county for work. Same goes for Hartford County.
So what’s the bottom line?
The two biggest magnets for people who leave their home for professional reasons appear to be the Hartford region — and New York City.